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December 19, 2019

【Click Nippon News】 Class Activities for Elementary Students Using an Article "Emakizushi"

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Click Nippon News
December 19, 2019

【Suggested class activities】
学習活動のヒント
Section A: Do a survey and chart the results
調べてグラフにしてみよう
Section B: Let's design an emakizushi roll
絵巻ずしをデザインしよう
Section C: Think about the seasons and annual events related to emakizushi
絵巻ずしと関係する季節と行事を考えよう

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The Click Nippon News October issue took up class activities for senior high school students using the Tokimeki Shuzaiki interview "Emakizushi, a Means for Finding Happiness."(https://www.tjf.or.jp/clicknippon/ja/newsletter/2019/10/oct-17-2019.phphttps://www.tjf.or.jp/clicknippon/ja/newsletter.php) Here we introduce class activities for Japanese language classes for elementary school students incorporating elements from arithmetic, social studies, art, home economics, and other subjects.

Please also check the Click Nippon Class Ideas page for introductory activities using photographs and those activities that could not be included here.
https://www.tjf.or.jp/clicknippon/en/activity/wadai/01/post-77.php

The original article is here:
https://www.tjf.or.jp/tokimeki/%e6%a8%aa%e6%b5%9c%e5%9b%bd%e7%ab%8b%e5%a4%a7%e5%ad%a6/2019/08/20/1021/

【Suggested class activities】

Section A: Do a survey and chart the results

Do a survey of how many people in the class have eaten sushi and chart the results in a graph.
If many in the class have eaten sushi, ask them what kind they had, and chart the results in a bar chart or pie diagram.

Section B: Let's design an emakizushi roll

1. Show the students the pictures in Handout 1 (plum blossom, "four oceans" roll, rose blossom) and ask them questions.
〔Teacher〕
• Let's try to figure out what these kinds of emakizushi are made of. Which of the following lists of ingredients corresponds to which kind of emakizushi?
a. Rice, smoked salmon, egg, nori, greens
b. Rice and cucumber rolled sushi. A length of egg roll. The outside of the square is wrapped with one strip of nori.
c. Five slender rolls of makizushi. One thin length of cheese. Greens and 2 large sheets of nori.

Other questions
• Which emakizushi do you think is easiest to make. Why is that?
• Which emakizushi do you think is hardest to make. Why is that?
• Which of these emakizushi would you like to try to make? Why did you choose that one?
• Let's watch the videos to see how they are made.

Plum blossom roll
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JumAESQwbi0&t=3s

"Four oceans" roll
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IknHHHnMpGA

Rose blossom roll
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q7wE2J9r9vo

Make the sushi together, not as a quiz, but for the fun of it.

2. Let's think up an original emakizushi
〔Teacher〕
What kind of original emakizushi would you like to make? Try drawing a design of it. Do you know the Japanese words for the colors you want?

Section C: Think about the seasons and annual events related to emakizushi

If your class has learned the names of the months, January to December, try a class activity showing the students pictures of emakizushi and thinking which ones would be made in which months. Depending on their level of Japanese, quiz them using 1 or 2 with the following questions.

1. When should we make this kind of emakizushi?
〔Teacher〕
Choose the emakizushi that suits the months given below.
• When do you think we should make Santa Claus emakizushi?
a. 10月  b. 11月  c. 12月

• When do you think we should make Setsubun emakizushi?
a. 1月  b. 2月  c. 3月

• When do you think we should make koinobori emaki?
a. 3月  b. 4月  c. 5月

2. Show the students Handout 2 and ask them"何ですか""何月に食べますか." The students answer using"~です""~月に食べます."
Santa Claus(12月)、Rabbit(10月)、Demon(2月)、Halloween(10月)、 Cherry blossom(4月)、good-weather doll(teruterubozu)(6月)、Star Festival(Tanabata)(7月)

3. Let's think about the emakizushi that can be eaten on different occasions.
〔Teacher〕
• What kind of emakizushi would you like to make for what sort of time?

Looking at Handout 3, ask the students to discuss why emakizushi for "Reiwa" and "rugby" were made. Ask them to think what kind of emakizushi could be made for annual events in your area, what kind of ingredients could be used, and how to make them. Have the students draw designs of what they have come up with. (koala, poppy, mimosa, etc.)

4. Ask questions while looking at the pictures in Handouts 1, 2, and 3
〔Teacher〕
Suppose you give a party. You decided to ask Ms. Nakaya to make emakizushi for the party. What kind do you want her to make? Why is that?

5. When you are with a home-stay family in another country, what kind of food do you want to make?
〔Teacher〕
Suppose you are going for a home-stay in another country, and you think you want to make some kind of Japanese dish for your home-stay family. What would you like to make? Why do you want to make that kind of dish?

6. Food to make together as a family
〔Teacher〕
Ms. Nakaya says she hopes family members will enjoy making emakizushi together. In some parts of China, family members make gyoza/pot stickers together. In your country, what kind of foods do family members work together to make?

☆Related websites are shown on the bottom of this newsletter.

CNN10月号では"絵巻ずし"の記事を使った高校生向けの学習活動を取り上げました。今回は、日本語の授業に算数や社会科、アート、家庭科などの要素を取り入れた小学生向けの学習活動を紹介します。
また、写真を使った導入の活動やここに紹介できなかった活動は「くりっくにっぽん活用術」(Class Ideas)に掲載していますので、ぜひご覧ください。
https://www.tjf.or.jp/clicknippon/ja/activity/wadai/01/post-77.php

元の記事はこちらから
https://www.tjf.or.jp/tokimeki/%e6%a8%aa%e6%b5%9c%e5%9b%bd%e7%ab%8b%e5%a4%a7%e5%ad%a6/2019/08/20/1021/

【学習活動のヒント】

Section A:調べてグラフにしてみよう

クラスに、お寿司を食べたことのある人が何人いるかアンケートをとって、表やグラフにしてみます。
たくさんの生徒がすしを食べたことがあれば、どんな寿司が好きかについてもアンケートをとって、棒グラフや円グラフにしてみるといいでしょう。

Section B:絵巻ずしをデザインしよう

1. Handout1の写真(梅の花、四海巻き、バラの花)を見せて聞きましょう。
〔教師〕
・何を使って作っているか考えましょう。それぞれの絵巻ずしの材料はa~cのどれですか。
a. ごはん、スモークサーモン、たまご、のり、青菜(Green leaves)
b. ごはんときゅうりのまきすし。たまごを一本。のり一枚で四角くまきます。
c. 細い巻き寿司を5本。細いチーズ1本。青菜(Green leaves)、大きいのり二枚。

その他の質問
・どの絵巻ずしが一番簡単だと思いますか。どうしてですか。
・どの絵巻ずしが一番難しいと思いますか。どうしてですか。
・あなたが作ってみたい絵巻ずしはどれですか。どうしてその絵巻ずしを作ってみたいですか。
・ビデオでどうやって作るか見てみましょう。

梅の花
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JumAESQwbi0&t=3s

四海巻き
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IknHHHnMpGA

バラの巻きずし
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q7wE2J9r9vo

クイズだけでなく、みんなで作っても楽しいですね。

2. オリジナル絵巻ずしを考えよう
〔教師〕
あなたが作りたいオリジナル絵巻ずしは何ですか。デザインをかいてください。色の名前も言いましょう。

Section C:絵巻ずしと関係する季節と行事を考えよう

1月から12月までを学習していたら、絵巻ずしの写真を見せて(handout2)、何月に作ったり食べたりするか考える活動もいいでしょう。日本語のレベルに合わせて1か2のクイズをしたり、質問をしてみましょう。

1. いつ作りますか。
〔教師〕
絵巻ずしにあった月を下から選びましょう。
・サンタクロースの巻きずしは いつ作るといいですか。
a. 10月  b. 11月  c. 12月 

・せつぶん巻きは いつ作るといいですか。
a. 1月  b. 2月  c. 3月

・こいのぼり巻きは いつ作るといいですか。
a. 3月  b. 4月  c. 5月

2. Handout2の写真を見せて「何ですか」「何月に食べますか」と聞きます。生徒は「~です」「~月に食べます」で答えます。
サンタクロース(12月)、うさぎ(10月)、おに(2月)、ハロウィーン(10月)、さくら(4月)、てるてるぼうず(6月)、七夕(7月)

3. いろいろなときに食べる絵巻ずしについて考えます。
〔教師〕
・どんな時にどんな絵巻ずしを作りたいですか。

Handout3の写真を見せて、「令和」「ラグビー」の絵巻ずしはなぜ作られたと思うか話し合ってみましょう。もしあなたの地域の行事に合う絵巻ずしを作るならどんなものがいいか、またそれにはどんな材料を使って、どうやって作るか考えさせながらデザインを描かせてみましょう。(コアラ、ポピー、ミモザ など)

4. Handout1~3の写真を見せながら、質問します。
〔教師〕
あなたはパーティをします。中矢さんに絵巻ずしを注文することにしました。どの絵巻ずしがいいですか。なぜですか。

5. ホームステイ先でどんな料理をつくったらいいかを考えます。
〔教師〕
あなたは他国にホームステイすることになり、ホストファミリーに料理を作りたいと思っています。あなたなら何を作りますか。どうしてその料理がいいと思いますか。

6. 家族と作る料理
〔教師〕
中矢さんは、家族で絵巻ずしを作って楽しんでほしいそうです。中国の一部の地域では家族で餃子を作ります。みなさんが家族と一緒に作る料理はありますか。それは何ですか。

☆関連リンク
・節分飾り巻き寿司
https://matome.naver.jp/odai/2148595682995002201

・ひな祭り飾り巻き寿司
https://grutto-plus.com/experience/021/

・巻き寿司教室ぐるり
http://www.kazarisushi.com/gallery.html

飾り巻き寿司の歴史
https://www.sushi.ne.jp/history

〔Videos〕
下は動画で見られます。

・飾り巻き寿司「桃の花」と「お雛様」
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ot7bW839GdE

・飾り巻き寿司 ~富士山~
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=26Lh-r0mV-k&t=521s

・こどもの日に! かわいさ満点 こいのぼり 巻き 寿司 のレシピ 作り方
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_QtsDN5EDi8

・ハロウィンにもおススメ!「おばけ」のデコ巻きずしの巻き方
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aAe61prHNEc

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