Small, usually rectangular cushion used for sitting on tatami or wooden floors. Various sizes are available, the average being 55 by 59 centimeters, a standard established by the Japan Industrial Standards (JIS). In the Heian period (794-1185), a small square of tatami with a cloth border trim was used. The current style of zabuton, with its cotton filling, appeared sometime in the middle of the Edo period (1603-1867), and did not come into widespread use until the beginning of the Taisho period (1912-1926). Originally zabuton were reserved for the use of visitors during the winter months, but today they are used on an everyday basis, regardless of the season.


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