Liberalization of school districts

School districts are established on the municipal level for public elementary and junior high schools and on the prefectural level for public high schools. With some differences from region to region, students attend the elementary, junior high, and high schools located in the school district where they live. Previously children were expected to attend the elementary or junior high school in the school district where they resided and exceptions were made only in extraordinary cases. Today, these restrictions have been lifted. According to a questionnaire conducted in Shinagawa Ward in Tokyo, the first area in Japan to allow children to attend schools outside their own district, one of the primary factors in choice of schools is presence or absence of bullying. Relaxation of restrictions on school districts is steadily growing more widespread.

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