Futon and beds
The main component of traditional Japanese bedding, futon consist of a shikibuton (quilt-like mattress) and a kakebuton (thick-quilted bedcover), laid out on the tatami at night for sleeping and put away in the oshiire futon closet each morning.
The standard shikibuton measures 90 by 195 centimeters (35.4 by 76.8 in) or 100 by 210 centimeters (39.4 by 82.7 in). Cotton wadding is widely used because it is durable, retains warmth, and absorbs moisture. Kakebuton are usually 150 by 210 centimeters (59.1 by 82.7 in) or 170 by 210 centimeters (66.9 by 82.7 in). Shikibuton and kakebon covers, as well as sheets, are used for easy laundering. Keeping futon well aired in the sun assures their comfort and durability. Beautiful and luxurious futon, in a matched set of two kakebuton and two shikibuton, are often given as part of a bride's dowry.
Beds became a common feature of the Japanese home only after World War II. The bed is especially popular with older people who find it easier to get in and out of than a futon placed on the floor. Various styles of beds are available. Some equipped with a tatami platform instead of a mattress, are designed to be used with futon. Others have drawers that provide extra storage space.